Press Highlights
  • Gut Microbiome Determines Efficacy of Cancer Immunotherapy

Gut Microbiome Determines Efficacy of Cancer Immunotherapy

Specific groups of intestinal microbes can boost the anti-tumor effects of cancer immunotherapies in mice, researchers show. Cancer immunotherapies that block immune inhibitory pathways have been tested in patients with several tumor types, but responses have varied. A study published in Science, while not the first to link gut microbes

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Obesity Appears to Contribute to Increasing Use of Prescription Drugs

Prescription drug use in the United States increased by 8% over a 10 year period, and users of 5 or more prescription drugs almost doubled. Increases in prescriptions for specific agents appears to reflect the growing need for treatment of complications associated with the increase in overweight and obesity. The

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Fecal Transplant Failure, Hypertension and Liver Cancer Risk, and Finding IBD in Patients with Arthritic Disorders

Topics receiving news coverage at the American College of Gastroenterology Annual Scientific Meeting last week included factors associated with failure of fecal transplantation for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), the effects of diabetes and hypertension on liver cancer risk, and a better approach to diagnosis of Crohn’s disease in patients with spondylarthropathies.

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EU Creates Opportunity for Refugee Scientists

The European Commission has created a special initiative for asylum-seeking and refugee scientists and researchers. It enables a match-making process between refugees with scientific backgrounds and research institutions that have declared themselves as refugee-welcoming organizations. Since the beginning of the year, more than 500,000 refugees fleeing civil war and unrest in

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  • A Non-Antibiotic Against Clostridium difficile Infection

A Non-Antibiotic Against Clostridium difficile Infection

A non-antibiotic drug reduces the effects Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) by disabling the bacteria’s toxins, a study showed in mice. The orally administered agent, ebselen, has been in clinical trials for an unrelated condition and could offer a new approach for combating multidrug-resistant CDI. C difficile infection causes life-threatening diarrhea and

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  • Expert Panel Recommends Aspirin Therapy for Prevention of Colorectal Cancer

Expert Panel Recommends Aspirin Therapy for Prevention of Colorectal Cancer

For the first time, an expert panel has recommended aspirin therapy to prevent not only heart attacks but also colorectal cancer. The guideline for those at high risk of heart disease, published September 14 in a draft report from the US Preventive Services Task Force is the first time a major

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  • 6000-Calorie Diet Reveals Mechanisms of Obesity-Linked Insulin Resistance

6000-Calorie Diet Reveals Mechanisms of Obesity-Linked Insulin Resistance

A study in which researchers place healthy individuals on 6000-calorie per day diets has identified biologic changes that take place during the early stages of obesity and could lead to insulin resistance. The study, published in the 9 September issue of Science Translational Medicine, pinpoints oxidative stress as the potential

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  • Researchers Determine how FTO Variant Increases Obesity Risk

Researchers Determine how FTO Variant Increases Obesity Risk

Variants in the FTO gene have been associated with obesity and metabolic disease, but little is known about the function of its product. Researchers now show how this gene regulates body weight. FTO encodes a nuclear protein of the AlkB related non-heme iron and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenase superfamily. In the NIH

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  • Public Health Officials Call for Wider Access to HCV Drugs

Public Health Officials Call for Wider Access to HCV Drugs

Experts from the Public Health Service and President Obama’s Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS are calling on federal and state Medicaid officials to widen access to prescription drugs that could cure tens of thousands of people with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. They say restrictions on the drugs imposed by many

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  • Fake Peer Reviews Lead to Mass Retraction of Articles

Fake Peer Reviews Lead to Mass Retraction of Articles

A leading scientific publisher has retracted 64 articles in 10 journals after an internal investigation discovered fabricated peer-review reports linked to the articles’ publication. The retractions are only the latest batch as scientific publishers struggle to deal with the increasing wave of fake peer review. Fake peer review occurs when

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