Gastrointestinal Bleeding Caused by Gastric Tuberculosis

Researchers describe a case of gastric tuberculosis that led to GI bleeding in the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Vishal Sharma et al report that a 30-year-old man who was a resident of North India presented to emergency services with 2 episodes of painless hematemesis. He did not have a history of

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  • What are the Effects of Prednisolone in Patients With Severe Alcoholic Liver Disease?

What are the Effects of Prednisolone in Patients With Severe Alcoholic Liver Disease?

Infections are frequent in patients with severe alcoholic liver disease, but are only independently associated with mortality when patients receive prednisolone, researchers report in the April issue of Gastroenterology. This could offset prednisolone’s therapeutic benefit. This study’s senior author, Mark Thursz, discusses the findings in a video abstract. As with

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  • Hepatosplenic Lesions from Cat Scratch Disease

Hepatosplenic Lesions from Cat Scratch Disease

Researchers describe an unusual case of cat scratch disease, with hepatosplenic involvement, in the January 2017 issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Sean K. Verma et al report on a 28-year-old man with no past medical history presented with fevers, chills, abdominal pain, night sweats, 3 weeks of weight loss,

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  • How Much Do Antibiotics Increase Risk of Obesity in Young Children?

How Much Do Antibiotics Increase Risk of Obesity in Young Children?

Administration of 3 or more courses of antibiotics to children younger than 2 years greatly increases their risk for early childhood obesity, researchers report in the July issue of Gastroenterology. Antibiotics have been used to promote weight gain in the agricultural industry for decades. This effect is believed to be

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  • Gut Microbes Affect Extent of Brain Injury After Stroke

Gut Microbes Affect Extent of Brain Injury After Stroke

Altering the intestinal microbiota of mice can reduce the extent of brain damage after a stroke, researchers found. These findings provide a previously unrecognized link between the intestine and the brain. The composition of the intestinal microbiome affects development of the immune system and metabolic processes, and is altered in

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  • Poor Adherence to Guidelines in Many Cases of Isoniazid-induced Liver Injury

Poor Adherence to Guidelines in Many Cases of Isoniazid-induced Liver Injury

Isoniazid is used to treat tuberculosis but is also a leading cause of liver injury. However, it is not clear how many cases of isoniazid-associated liver injury are reported or how many clinicians and patients adhere to American Thoracic Society (ATS) guidelines. In the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology,

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  • What are the Long-Term Effects of Gastrointestinal Infections During Childhood?

What are the Long-Term Effects of Gastrointestinal Infections During Childhood?

An analysis of children affected by a Salmonella enteritidis outbreak more than 20 years ago provides evidence that pathogen-induced gastroenteritis during childhood is a risk factor for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in adults. The findings from this long-term study are published in the July issue of Gastroenterology. Functional dyspepsia and IBS affect

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H Pylori—Are They Gone Yet?

Helicobacter pylori infection can be treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and antibiotics, but physicians need ways to determine if the bacteria are completely eradicated months later. In the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Luigi Gatta et al. describe a simple blood test that can detect H pylori

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