• Does Good Oral Health Increase Risk for IBD?

Does Good Oral Health Increase Risk for IBD?

A population-based cohort study of more than 20,000 people in Sweden associated poor oral health with reduced risk for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The article, in the April issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, reports that the protective effect increases with the severity of poor dental hygiene. Environmental factors, such as

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  • Can Your Diet Affect Your Risk for Gallstone-related Pancreatitis?

Can Your Diet Affect Your Risk for Gallstone-related Pancreatitis?

Consumption of red meat, saturated fat, and cholesterol increase risk for gallstone-related acute pancreatitis, researchers report in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Dietary fiber protects against acute pancreatitis—related and unrelated to gallstones—whereas coffee protects against acute pancreatitis not associated with gallstones, the study of thousands of patients

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  • Can Microbial Dysbiosis Cause Colonic Inflammation?

Can Microbial Dysbiosis Cause Colonic Inflammation?

Dysbiosis contributes to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) by altering colonic expression of genes that regulate inflammation and the immune response, researchers report in the July issue of Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology. An altered intestinal microbiota composition has been associated with IBD. However, it is not

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  • Study Estimates Medical Errors May Cause More Than 250,000 Deaths Each Year in the US

Study Estimates Medical Errors May Cause More Than 250,000 Deaths Each Year in the US

Medical error is the third leading cause of death in the United States, after heart disease and cancer, a study concluded. Analyzing medical death rate data over an 8 year period, Marin Makary and Michael Daniel (Johns Hopkins University [JHU]) estimated that more than 250,000 deaths/year are due to medical error

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A Rare, Autoimmune Cause of Intractable Nausea and Vomiting

Some cases of unexplained, intractable vomiting are caused by an autoimmune disorder in which patients develop antibodies against the brain protein astrocytic aquaporin-4 (AQP4), according to the March issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. AQP4 is a water channel in the central nervous system. Antibodies against AQP4 cause neuromyelitis optica

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