• Which Patients With Flat Low-grade Dysplasia are at High Risk for Colorectal Cancer?

Which Patients With Flat Low-grade Dysplasia are at High Risk for Colorectal Cancer?

Detection of flat low-grade dysplasia (fLGD) and aneuploidy in colon tissues increases risk for high-grade dysplaisa (HGD) or colorectal cancer (CRC) more than 5-fold in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), researchers report in the December issue of Gastroenterology. Aneuploidy was also detected in almost all cases of flat HGD (fHGD) IBD is a risk

Read more
  • Review: Pathogenesis and Prevention of Gastric Cancer

Review: Pathogenesis and Prevention of Gastric Cancer

New diagnostic protocols, effective medical treatments, and recently developed conservative ablative procedures could make gastric cancer a preventable malignancy, says a review article in the December issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Gastric cancer is 1 of the 5 most common causes of cancer death, and only 30% of patients survive 5

Read more
  • FUSE Outperforms Forward-viewing Colonoscopy in Detecting Dysplasia in Patients With IBD

FUSE Outperforms Forward-viewing Colonoscopy in Detecting Dysplasia in Patients With IBD

The panoramic views obtained with full-spectrum endoscopy (FUSE) increase the number of dysplastic lesions detected in the colon, compared with conventional forward-viewing colonoscopy, researchers report in the May issue of Gastroenterology. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Surveillance colonoscopy with chromoendoscopy is recommended, but conventional forward-viewing colonoscopy

Read more

Video Abstract: Increased Risk of Cervical Cancer in Women with IBD

Women with ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease are at increased risk for cervical neoplasias, researchers report in the April issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Christine Rungoe et al performed a population-based cohort study of 27,408 women with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In her video abstract, she says “we observed that women with ulcerative

Read more
  • What is the Best way to Monitor and Manage Dysplasia in Patients with IBD?

What is the Best way to Monitor and Manage Dysplasia in Patients with IBD?

The American Gastroenterological Association, along with the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, have issued updated recommendations for the surveillance and management of dysplasia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).  In a commentary in the March issue of Gastroenterology, James F. Marion and Bruce E. Sands discuss the recommendations, and how gastroenterologists should best monitor and manage dysplasia

Read more

Video: Gastric to Esophageal Mucosal Transplantation

In the April issue of Gastroenterology, researchers report transplantation of mucosa from a patient’s stomach to esophagus, to prevent stricture formation after circumferential endoscopic mucosal dissection of early-stage esophageal cancer. Endoscopic submucosal resection and dissection are used to remove areas of dysplasia and cancer from the esophagus. However, stricture formation is a major drawback

Read more

New Cell Culture Technology for Colon Cancer and Barrett’s Esophagus

A new method for long-term culture of human primary colonic epithelium provides an important tool for studying colon stem cells, adenocarcinoma, colon cancer, and even Barrett’s esophagus, according to the November issue of Gastroenterology. Self-renewal of the small intestinal and colonic epithelium is mediated by proliferation of stem cells and

Read more