• A Twisted Stomach

A Twisted Stomach

Researchers report a case of gastric rotation, with inversion of the greater and lesser curvatures along the long axis of the stomach, in the May issue of Gastroenterology. Fady G. Haddad et al describe a 56-year-old woman with history of peptic ulcer disease, diverticulosis, hypertension, and hypothyroidism who presented with acute post-prandial epigastric pain.

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  • VIDEO: Endoscopic Management of Gastrointestinal Leaks and Fistulae

VIDEO: Endoscopic Management of Gastrointestinal Leaks and Fistulae

Gastrointestinal leaks and fistulae can be serious acute complications or chronic conditions caused by inflammation, malignancy, or surgery. In a Perspective article in the October issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Field F. Willingham and Jonathan M. Buscaglia discuss advanced endoscopic methods for less invasive treatment of these luminal defects. They explain that the main goal of

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  • Dangers of Ingested Button Batteries

Dangers of Ingested Button Batteries

A clinical report raises awareness of the frequency of button battery ingestion by children and the importance of immediate removal of batteries lodged in the esophagus. In the September issue of Gastroenterology, Seung Han Kim et al describe the case of a 22-month-old child taken to the emergency room by

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VIDEO: Endoscopic Suturing for Ulcer Exclusion

Researchers report the use of endoscopic surgical suturing for ulcer exclusion in the July issue of Gastroenterology, and provide a video of their procedure. It is important to prevent rebleeding of peptic ulcers. A prototype endoscopic suturing device has been developed to provide hemostasis in patients with massively bleeding gastric ulcers. Philip Wai Yan Chiu et

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  • Should Patients Undergo Endoscopic Sphincterotomy Before Receiving Self-expandable Metallic Stents?

Should Patients Undergo Endoscopic Sphincterotomy Before Receiving Self-expandable Metallic Stents?

Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) provides no benefit to patients receiving self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) for a biliary stricture caused by pancreatic cancer, researchers report in the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The randomized controlled trial showed that ES procedure did not affect number of adverse events, SEMS patency, or

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  • What are the Effects of Antiviral Therapy in Patients With IBD and CMV Infection?

What are the Effects of Antiviral Therapy in Patients With IBD and CMV Infection?

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection complicates inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but anti-viral therapy reduces the need for bowel surgery, researchers report in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The benefits of anti-viral treatment are greatest for patients with high-grade disease, they show. CMV infection is more common in patients with

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  • Is Fecal Calprotectin a Good Marker of Crohn’s Disease Recurrence?

Is Fecal Calprotectin a Good Marker of Crohn’s Disease Recurrence?

The fecal concentration of calprotectin can be used to monitor for recurrence of Crohn’s disease, with a high enough negative predictive value that physicians can be confident they won’t miss patients with recurrent disease, researchers report in the May issue of Gastroenterology. Approximately 80% of patients with Crohn’s disease require surgery

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Deadly Bacteria Transmitted by Duodenoscopes

Duodenoscopes and endoscopes used in retrograde cholangiopancreatography are causing infections with carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and possibly other bacteria throughout the US. While medical societies and journals scramble to increase awareness of infection risks, medical centers are already taking precautions to avoid further infections. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA),

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Video: Use of Full Thickness Resection Device to Remove a Diverticular Polyp

Researchers present a video demonstrating how a full-thickness resection device allows for safe, single-step endoscopic removal and closure of a diverticular adenoma, without leakage of bowel content into the peritoneal cavity. This system, described in the November issue of Gastroenterology, allows for secure resection of high-risk lesions and might even be performed in an outpatient setting.

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Does EGD Identify Causes of Abdominal Pain in Children?

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a useful tool for the diagnosis of children with abdominal pain, researchers report in the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The procedure identified disorders for which medical therapy was effective in 67% of children. Chronic abdominal pain is the most common indication for EGD in children.

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