• Does Colony Stimulating Factor Increase Survival of Patients with Alcoholic Hepatitis?

Does Colony Stimulating Factor Increase Survival of Patients with Alcoholic Hepatitis?

In a pilot study from the October issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, colony stimulating factor 3 (CSF3, also called GCSF) improved liver function and increased survival times in patients with severe alcohol-associated hepatitis (AH), compared with standard therapy. Addition of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) to GCSF did not improve patient outcomes. Patients

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  • What is the Best Treatment for Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis?

What is the Best Treatment for Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis?

Corticosteroids, alone or in combination with pentoxifylline or N-acetylcysteine (NAC), reduce short-term mortality in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis, a meta-analysis shows in the October issue of Gastroenterology. However, there is no treatment to reduce medium-term mortality, the authors find. Severe alcoholic hepatitis is characterized by progressive inflammatory injury to hepatocytes and

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  • The Same Path to Pancreatitis From Alcohol Abuse or Cystic Fibrosis?

The Same Path to Pancreatitis From Alcohol Abuse or Cystic Fibrosis?

Excessive alcohol consumption disrupts expression and localization of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), researchers report in the February issue of Gastroenterology. People with loss-of-function mutations in the CFTR develop cystic fibrosis and are at risk for pancreatitis—the finding that alcohol intake also alters this protein could provide insight

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  • Author Q and A Series: Alcohol, the Microbiota, and Liver Disease

Author Q and A Series: Alcohol, the Microbiota, and Liver Disease

Chronic alcohol consumption disrupts the intestinal microbiota to reduce production of saturated long-chain fatty acids and subsequently the proportion and functions of hepatoprotective lactobacilli, Peng Chen et al report in the January issue of Gastroenterology. Dietary approaches to restore levels of saturated fatty acids in the intestine might therefore reduce ethanol-induced liver injury in patients with

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  • What is the Best Way to Care for Patients with Alcoholic Hepatitis?

What is the Best Way to Care for Patients with Alcoholic Hepatitis?

Although alcohol-related liver disease is the 8th most common cause of mortality in the US and the 2nd leading cause of mortality among all gastrointestinal diseases, there are few therapeutic options for patients or resources to support identification of new therapies. However, treatment approaches are being developed; a review in

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