• Is Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity Real?

Is Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity Real?

When patients with nonceliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) unknowingly ingested small amounts of gluten for 1 week, they developed more severe abdominal pain and bloating that patients who ingested a matched placebo, researchers report in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The study provides evidence for a form of

Read more
  • Special Issue: Food, the Immune System, and the GI Tract

Special Issue: Food, the Immune System, and the GI Tract

The digestion of food and absorption of nutrients is the principal role of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract—everyone wants to know what we should eat and how it affects our body. Interactions between food and the immune system affect our microbiome, development of food allergies, nutrition, risk for inflammatory disorders or cancer, and even

Read more
  • Is There a Treatment for Rumination Syndrome?

Is There a Treatment for Rumination Syndrome?

Rumination is an unperceived somatic response to food ingestion that disrupts abdominal accommodation, researchers report in the January issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. They go on to show that it can be corrected by biofeedback-guided control of abdomino-thoracic muscular activity. Rumination syndrome is characterized by effortless recurrent regurgitation of

Read more
  • Celiac Disease Risk Not Affected by Early Diet

Celiac Disease Risk Not Affected by Early Diet

Two studies have shown that neither breastfeeding nor timing the start of gluten-containing foods makes a difference in development of celiac disease in children at risk. The AP reported that the studies, published October 2 in the New England Journal of Medicine, show that there is no early window of

Read more
  • Can Gluten-free Diets Benefit People with Asymptomatic Celiac Disease?

Can Gluten-free Diets Benefit People with Asymptomatic Celiac Disease?

A gluten-free diet (GFD) can benefit asymptomatic patients who test positive for celiac disease based on detection of with endomysial antibodies (EMA), researchers report in the September issue of Gastroenterology. This finding supports screening of patients at risk for celiac disease. Celiac disease is a lifelong disorder caused by ingested

Read more

How Many People Have Eosinophilic Esophagitis?

Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), which was barely recognized 20 years ago, affects at least 150,000 people in the United States, with three-quarters being adults, report Evan Dellon et al. in the April issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. EoE, also known as allergic esophagitis, is an allergic inflammatory disease characterized by

Read more

Achalasia, Pneumatic Dilation, Risks, and Repairs

Pneumatic dilation as a treatment for achalasia is more likely to cause esophageal perforations in the elderly, but these tears can be successfully treated medically, rather than surgically, according to the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Achalasia is a rare motor disorder of the esophagus, cause by defects

Read more