• A New Pathway for Transmitting HBV DNA?

A New Pathway for Transmitting HBV DNA?

Extracellular vesicles carry HBV DNA as cargo that can be transmitted to other hepatocytes, researchers report in the March issue of Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Their findings identify an antibody-neutralization–resistant route of HBV infection. Approximately 350 million people are chronically infected by HBV worldwide, and some of these

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  • How Can We Study Genetic Heterogeneity Within Hepatocellular Carcinomas?

How Can We Study Genetic Heterogeneity Within Hepatocellular Carcinomas?

Researchers have developed a patient-derived cell line-based model to study how intratumor heterogeneity affects sensitivity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to different therapeutic agents, reported in the January issue of Gastroenterology. HCCs have a large amount of genetic heterogeneity within each tumor, making them difficult to treat. Multiple regions of tumors

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  • What is the Best Way to Predict Disease Progression in Patients With Inactive HBV?

What is the Best Way to Predict Disease Progression in Patients With Inactive HBV?

In patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection who are negative for HBe antigen (HBeAg), monitoring levels of HB surface antigen (HBsAg) can predict disease progression, researchers report in the October issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Most persons chronically infected with HBV clear HBeAg and enter an inactive carrier phase, characterized by low or undetectable

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  • Special Issue: Managing Patients With Liver Disease

Special Issue: Managing Patients With Liver Disease

A special issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology is dedicated to the clinical management of hepatic disorders, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), viral hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). The issue comprises 14 review articles that aim to present clinicians with evidence-based guidance and expert opinions on management of patients with liver

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  • What is the Best Treatment Strategy for Hepatitis B?

What is the Best Treatment Strategy for Hepatitis B?

Response-guided interferon therapy is the most cost-effective first-line treatment for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients, whereas nucleos(t)ide analogues are the most cost-effective first-line therapy for HBeAg-negative patients, researchers report in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Pegylated interferon and nucleos(t)ide analogues are recommended first-line treatment options for

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  • A New Approach to Hepatitis B Therapy?

A New Approach to Hepatitis B Therapy?

Cyclophilins are involved in multiple steps of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) life cycle in hepatocytes—cyclophilin inhibitors reduce viral replication and HBV envelope protein production and secretion, researchers report in the February issue of Gastroenterology. The cyclophilin inhibitor alisporivir, combined with the HBV polymerase inhibitor, reduces markers of HBV infection

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Meeting Report: 20th International Symposium on Hepatitis C Virus and Related Viruses

Didn’t make it to the 20th International Symposium on HCV and Related Viruses last fall in Melbourne, Australia? No worries—you can read a summary of the key findings presented at the meeting in the July issue of Gastroenterology. Michael R. Beard et al. report on the latest research into viral entry, replication, and

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Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HBV

Pregnant women with Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are less likely to pass the virus on to babies delivered by elective cesarean section, compared to those delivered vaginally or by urgent cesarean section, according to the October issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Elective cesarean sections for women with pre-delivery

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It’s Not Easy to Diagnose Intermediate-Stage Liver Fibrosis

Biopsy has a low level of diagnostic performance for liver fibrosis stages F2 and F1. The recommendation for biopsy analysis, instead of non-invasive tests, for diagnosis of intermediate stages of fibrosis is therefore misleading, according to the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Noninvasive tests such as FibroTest are

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A Special Issue on Viral Hepatitis

The May issue of Gastroenterology features a very special supplement—“Viral Hepatitis: A Changing Field”—comprising 17 review and commentary articles from international leaders in hepatitis treatment and research. The issue provides insight into the rapid progress made in the treatment and management of patients with viral hepatitis, as well as our

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