• What is the Best way to Manage Diverticulitis, and how Many People Have it?

What is the Best way to Manage Diverticulitis, and how Many People Have it?

Not all patients with multiple episodes of diverticulitis should undergo preventative surgery, shows a Markov decision model published in the January 2016 issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Elective surgery after 2 episodes produces fewer quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) than surgery after 3 episodes or conservative or medical treatments, the model found.

Read more

Obesity Appears to Contribute to Increasing Use of Prescription Drugs

Prescription drug use in the United States increased by 8% over a 10 year period, and users of 5 or more prescription drugs almost doubled. Increases in prescriptions for specific agents appears to reflect the growing need for treatment of complications associated with the increase in overweight and obesity. The

Read more
  • What’s Wrong With Herbal Supplements?

What’s Wrong With Herbal Supplements?

Herbal supplements, used by many people for weight loss and bodybuilding purposes but also to improve well-being and reduce symptoms of chronic diseases, have recently come under investigation because of uncertainty about their contents, safety, and efficacy. On February 3, the New York Times wrote that the New York State attorney general’s office accused 4 major retailers of selling

Read more

Putting a Cap on Acid Reflux

Researchers show that a polysaccharide ‘raft’ can float on top of acid in the stomach to block its backflow into the esophagus. It reduces reflux symptoms in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), according to a clinical trial the December issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. GERD is a common condition

Read more

How Often Do Medications Cause Liver Injury?

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) could be more common than previously believed, according to a population-based study published in the June issue of Gastroenterology. Amoxicillin-clavulanate seems to be the most common cause, and azathioprine appears to be the most hepatotoxic. Many medications, such chlorpromazine, azathioprine, and sulfasalazine, can cause liver injury,

Read more

Achalasia, Pneumatic Dilation, Risks, and Repairs

Pneumatic dilation as a treatment for achalasia is more likely to cause esophageal perforations in the elderly, but these tears can be successfully treated medically, rather than surgically, according to the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Achalasia is a rare motor disorder of the esophagus, cause by defects

Read more