• Can Learning to Control Thoracic Muscle Activity Reduce Abdominal Distension?

Can Learning to Control Thoracic Muscle Activity Reduce Abdominal Distension?

A behavioral intervention designed to increase the postural tone of the abdomino-thoracic wall is effective treatment for abdominal distention of no detectable cause, researchers report in a randomized controlled trial published in the December issue of Clinical Gastroeneterology and Hepatology. Abdominal distension is one of the most common complaints among patients seeking

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  • Can Nutritional Therapy Help Patients with Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy?

Can Nutritional Therapy Help Patients with Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy?

Nutritional therapy for patients with cirrhosis and minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) not only improves their nutritional status, but increases cognitive function, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and liver function and reduces hospitalization, researchers report in the March issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. HE is a spectrum of neuropsychiatric abnormalities that develops in

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  • Can we Reduce Muscle Cramps in Patients with Cirrhosis?

Can we Reduce Muscle Cramps in Patients with Cirrhosis?

L-carnitine appears to be safe and effective for reducing muscle cramps in patients with cirrhosis, researchers report in the August issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Many patients with cirrhosis develop frequent muscle cramps, which reduce their quality of life. L-carnitine (L-beta-hydroxy-gamma-N-trimethyl aminobutyric acid) is an amino acid that transports

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  • Can Exercise Help Patients with Cirrhosis?

Can Exercise Help Patients with Cirrhosis?

Eight weeks of aerobic exercise training increased peak oxygen uptake by muscle and muscle mass, and reduced fatigue, in patients with cirrhosis, researchers report in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Cirrhosis is characterized not only by hepatic fibrosis and progressive liver dysfunction, but also reduced exercise tolerance, based on decreased peak exercise

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A More Effective Treatment for Achalasia

A specialized endoscopic procedure called peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a safe and effective treatment for esophageal achalasia, according to the August issue of Gastroenterology. Achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder characterized by incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, increased sphincter tone, and disrupted peristalsis. It causes dysphagia, regurgitation,

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