• Effects of Diet, Intestinal Inflammation, and the Microbiome on Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Effects of Diet, Intestinal Inflammation, and the Microbiome on Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Diets that promote intestinal inflammation can increase risk of colorectal carcinomas associated with specific bacteria in the microbiome, researchers report in the October issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Diet-induced intestinal inflammation alters the gut microbiome to contribute to colorectal cancer risk, which might be reduced with dietary changes. Chronic inflammation

Read more
  • Special Issue: Food, the Immune System, and the GI Tract

Special Issue: Food, the Immune System, and the GI Tract

The digestion of food and absorption of nutrients is the principal role of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract—everyone wants to know what we should eat and how it affects our body. Interactions between food and the immune system affect our microbiome, development of food allergies, nutrition, risk for inflammatory disorders or cancer, and even

Read more
  • Overall Diet, Rather than Specific Foods, Affect Risk for Esophageal Cancer

Overall Diet, Rather than Specific Foods, Affect Risk for Esophageal Cancer

A Mediterranean diet and overall healthy eating, rather than a particular group of foods or nutrients, reduce the risk for esophageal cancers—particularly esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), according to the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Although diet has been associated with cancers of the esophagus and stomach, few prospective

Read more

Does Vitamin D Prevent Crohn’s Disease?

Women with higher intake of vitamin D are less likely to develop Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, according to a study published in the March issue of Gastroenterology. Vitamin D deficiency has been described in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and administration of vitamin D to mice with colitis

Read more