• Can Your Diet Affect Your Risk for Gallstone-related Pancreatitis?

Can Your Diet Affect Your Risk for Gallstone-related Pancreatitis?

Consumption of red meat, saturated fat, and cholesterol increase risk for gallstone-related acute pancreatitis, researchers report in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Dietary fiber protects against acute pancreatitis—related and unrelated to gallstones—whereas coffee protects against acute pancreatitis not associated with gallstones, the study of thousands of patients

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  • Does Pancreatectomy With Islet Autotransplantation Benefit Patients With Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis?

Does Pancreatectomy With Islet Autotransplantation Benefit Patients With Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis?

In patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis, total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) reduces pain and requirements for narcotic therapy, and increases quality of life, researchers report in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. This treatment should be considered when medical and endoscopic therapies have failed. Recurrent acute pancreatitis, caused

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  • Video Abstract: Pros and Cons of Continued Aspirin Use in Patients with Lower GI Bleeding

Video Abstract: Pros and Cons of Continued Aspirin Use in Patients with Lower GI Bleeding

In aspirin users with a history of lower gastrointestinal bleeding, continued aspirin use increases risk of recurrent bleeding by almost 3-fold, but reduces risk of serious cardiovascular events by 40% and risk of death from other causes by 17%, researchers report in the August issue of Gastroenterology. First author Francis K.L. Chan discusses the group’s

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DDW 2016: Stem Cells Help Heal Perianal Fistulas, Increasing Rates of Colorectal Cancer in Younger Individuals, and Agents Effective Against HCV Genotypes 1–6

Researchers reported important findings on a variety of gastrointestinal and hepatic disorders at Digestive Disease Week in San Diego. – A small, phase 1 study reported that a bioprosthesis plug soaked in autologous mesenchymal stem cells helped heal refractory perianal fistulas that commonly occur in patients with Crohn’s disease. Amy

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  • Can a Cocktail Prevent Colorectal Adenoma Recurrence?

Can a Cocktail Prevent Colorectal Adenoma Recurrence?

The combination of calcitriol, aspirin, and calcium carbonate did not prevent recurrence of colorectal adenomas over a 3-year period, found a prospective study published in the January issue of Gastroenterology. This negative result might have been affected by the numbers of smokers included in the study or low doses of

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  • What is the Best way to Manage Diverticulitis, and how Many People Have it?

What is the Best way to Manage Diverticulitis, and how Many People Have it?

Not all patients with multiple episodes of diverticulitis should undergo preventative surgery, shows a Markov decision model published in the January 2016 issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Elective surgery after 2 episodes produces fewer quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) than surgery after 3 episodes or conservative or medical treatments, the model found.

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  • Is Fecal Calprotectin a Good Marker of Crohn’s Disease Recurrence?

Is Fecal Calprotectin a Good Marker of Crohn’s Disease Recurrence?

The fecal concentration of calprotectin can be used to monitor for recurrence of Crohn’s disease, with a high enough negative predictive value that physicians can be confident they won’t miss patients with recurrent disease, researchers report in the May issue of Gastroenterology. Approximately 80% of patients with Crohn’s disease require surgery

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Curbing Crohn’s for the Long Term?

Most people with Crohn’s disease receive surgery, yet the disease comes back a short time later. A study in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology reports that giving patients low doses of infliximab immediately after surgery prevents disease recurrence over long time periods. Dario Sorrentino et al. began

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