Should Everybody Be Tested for Celiac Disease?

Not only does celiac disease cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and bloating—untreated disease leads to progressive bone loss and derangements, increasing the risk for early osteoporosis and fractures of the hip and vertebrae. The June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology reports that current screening strategies to identify people with celiac

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What are the Risks for Relatives of Patients With Colorectal Cancer?

Close relatives of people with colorectal cancer (CRC) have a significant increase in prevalence of advanced neoplasms and should be screened for cancer, according to the March issue of Gastroenterology. Relatives of patients with CRC have been shown to be at increased risk for colorectal neoplasms, but little is known

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Does Depression Increase the Risk for Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

Depression increases the risk for Crohn’s disease in women, according to a study published in the January issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Psychological factors might therefore contribute to development of this disorder. Anxiety, depression, and other psychological disorders are common in people with Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis

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Why Does Colonoscopy Protect Against Left-Sided Cancers?

Polyps with advanced pathology are significantly smaller in the right than left colon, and are therefore more likely to be missed during colonoscopy examinations, according to the December issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Mortality from colorectal cancer (CRC) is decreasing, in part because colonoscopy screening is increasing, leading to

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How Common is Portal Hypertension in Patients With NAFLD?

Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are at risk for portal hypertension and esophageal varices, according to the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The study also shows that factors such as advanced liver disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity can be used to identify patients most likely

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Does Vitamin D Prevent Crohn’s Disease?

Women with higher intake of vitamin D are less likely to develop Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, according to a study published in the March issue of Gastroenterology. Vitamin D deficiency has been described in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and administration of vitamin D to mice with colitis

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High Rate of Complications from Colectomy for Ulcerative Colitis

Twenty-seven percent of patients who are treated for ulcerative colitis by colectomy experience postoperative complications, according to a study in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Most patients with ulcerative colitis are successfully treated with medication, yet some have severe colitis attacks that can be life threatening. Approximately

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