• What are the Risk Factors for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes?

What are the Risk Factors for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes?

Persons with type 2 diabetes have a more than 2-fold increase in risk for severe liver disease, researchers report in the December issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The authors found risk factors that might be used to identify persons with type 2 diabetes who should be screened for liver disease.

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  • What is the Best Personality for an Endoscopist?

What is the Best Personality for an Endoscopist?

Researchers show that you want your endoscopist to be a type-A person — adenoma detect rates (ADRs) are higher among physicians who describe themselves as more compulsive or thorough, researchers report in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. There was no association between ADR and financial incentives, malpractice concerns,

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  • Can Surveillance be Extended or Eliminated for Some Patients With Barrett’s Esophagus?

Can Surveillance be Extended or Eliminated for Some Patients With Barrett’s Esophagus?

Two articles in the April issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology show that surveillance intervals might be lengthened or even discontinued for subgroups of patients with Barrett’s esophagus. Stable non-dysplastic Barrett’s esophagus (NDBE) has a low risk of progression to high-grade dysplaisa (HGD) or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), Yonne Peters et al

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  • Combined Genetic and Clinical Data Do Not Improve Determination of Risk for Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

Combined Genetic and Clinical Data Do Not Improve Determination of Risk for Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

Addition of genetic information to clinical factors does not increase identification of individuals at risk for esophageal adenocarcinoma, researchers report in the January 2019 issue of Gastroenterology. New screening and risk evaluation methods are needed to improve early detection of esophageal adenocarcinoma, because most patients receive a diagnosis at a late

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  • Should We Screen for HCC?

Should We Screen for HCC?

Screening patients with cirrhosis for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by abdominal ultrasonography (USS) and/or measurement of serum level of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is not associated with reduced mortality from this cancer, reseachers report from a matched case–control study in the October issue of Gastroenterology. Patients with cirrhosis have a high risk (1%–8%

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Gastroenterology Special Issue on Endoscopy

A special issue of Gastroenterology, Advances in Endoscopic Therapy, presents the latest advances in gastrointestinal endoscopy, including endoscopic images and videos. In their introductory article, Jacques J. Bergman and Patrick S. Yachimski explain that endoscopy is central to gastroenterology clinical practice and research, allowing examination of healthy and diseased tissue from the organ level, to the

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  • Can a Cocktail Prevent Colorectal Adenoma Recurrence?

Can a Cocktail Prevent Colorectal Adenoma Recurrence?

The combination of calcitriol, aspirin, and calcium carbonate did not prevent recurrence of colorectal adenomas over a 3-year period, found a prospective study published in the January issue of Gastroenterology. This negative result might have been affected by the numbers of smokers included in the study or low doses of

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  • Do Patients Really Prefer Colon Capsule Endoscopy Over Colonoscopy?

Do Patients Really Prefer Colon Capsule Endoscopy Over Colonoscopy?

Slightly more than 50% of people with an inherited risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) agree to undergo screening for this cancer, and most prefer colonoscopy to colon capsule endoscopy—even though these are equally effective screening tools—researchers report in the December issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Colonoscopy should therefore remain

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  • Can Capsule Colonoscopy Accurately Detect Polyps and Adenomas?

Can Capsule Colonoscopy Accurately Detect Polyps and Adenomas?

In an average-risk screening population, capsule colonoscopy identified individuals with polyps and adenomas with high levels of specificity, researchers report in the May issue of Gastroenterology. This procedure might be useful for patients who cannot undergo colonoscopy or who had incomplete colonoscopies. Capsule endoscopy, which involves an ingestible pill-sized endoscope that

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  • How Many Patients are Screened for HBV Infection Before Chemotherapy?

How Many Patients are Screened for HBV Infection Before Chemotherapy?

Only a small percentage of patients receiving chemotherapy are screened for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, although the proportion of patients screened has increased slightly over the past decade, researchers report in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Strategies are needed to ensure that patients receiving chemotherapy are

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