What is the Best Way to Assess Bile Duct Strictures?

Researchers describe new methods to collect and process bile duct biopsies for evaluation of strictures, in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. These approaches should provide a greater quantity of material for analysis and increase the accuracy of diagnosis. A biliary stricture is an abnormal narrowing of the

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Transplanting Engineered Mucosal Tissue into the Esophagus

Researchers have engineered tissues from oral epithelial cells that can be transplanted into the esophagus and promote healing after tumors are removed. According to the September issue of Gastroenterology, sutureless, endoscopic transplantation of sheets of autologous oral mucosal epithelial cells safely and effectively promotes re-epithelialization of the esophagus after surgery.

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Is it Safe to Donate Part of Your Liver?

Donating part of your liver is just as safe as donating a kidney—donors of these organs have survival rates similar to the rest of the population, according to an article in the February issue of Gastroenterology. With organ shortages, live-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is a lifesaving alternative to transplantation from deceased

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Achalasia, Pneumatic Dilation, Risks, and Repairs

Pneumatic dilation as a treatment for achalasia is more likely to cause esophageal perforations in the elderly, but these tears can be successfully treated medically, rather than surgically, according to the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Achalasia is a rare motor disorder of the esophagus, cause by defects

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High Rate of Complications from Colectomy for Ulcerative Colitis

Twenty-seven percent of patients who are treated for ulcerative colitis by colectomy experience postoperative complications, according to a study in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Most patients with ulcerative colitis are successfully treated with medication, yet some have severe colitis attacks that can be life threatening. Approximately

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Do Stents Prevent Pancreatitis After ERCP?

Pancreatic duct stents reduce the incidence of pancreatitis following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), according to a study published in the October issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Pancreatitis is the most common and potentially serious complication following ERCP, occurring in up to 9% of patients that receive this procedure and

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Successful Surgery for Children with Chronic Pancreatitis

Total pancreatectomy, accompanied by auto-transplantation of islet cells, increases the quality of life for children with severe chronic pancreatitis, according to Melena Bellin et al. in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Chronic pancreatitis is rare among children, but is painful and progressive and can lead to narcotic

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An Immune Culprit in IBD?

Patients with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis have reduced levels of an important regulator of the immune response—the receptor for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)—according to a study by Jonathan Goldstein et al. in the July issue of Gastroenterology. The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease arise from

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What Causes Weight Gain After Gastric Bypass?

A surgical complication, rather than eating habits, can cause patients to regain lost weight after gastric bypass surgery, reports Barham K. Abu Dayyeh et al. in the March issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The authors correlated increased diameter of the gastrojejunal stoma with long-term weight gain after this common

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