• What is the Cause of this Dysphagia?

What is the Cause of this Dysphagia?

A 60-year-old woman visited the hospital with nonprogressive mild esophageal dysphagia (without oropharyngeal transfer difficulties for solids) for 10 years. Her clinical examination and screening blood tests were normal. She had no previous medical problems except for carrying the hepatitis B virus. She underwent an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed external compression and extrinsic arterial pulsations

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